Origin of Semitic Languages



An introductory original etymological investigation of the prehistoric ancestral linguistic nuclei and monosyllables of “Semitic” languages, primarily based on Akkadian and Southern and Northern Arabic.

Adel Bishtawi
Adel Bishtawi
March 15, 2015 - Ariba “Semitic”

INTRODUCTION

In certain extant literature, “Semitic” languages are sometimes described as a group of related languages originating in the “Near East” whose living representatives are spoken by people across much of the Middle East, North Africa and the Horn of Africa. The group includes several scores of languages the most widely spoken of which is Arabic, […]

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Adel Bishtawi
Adel Bishtawi
March 14, 2015 - Ariba “Semitic”

PREHISTORIC GENIUS

A more challenging undertaking is to establish the relationship between one root and another. Not all roots are monosyllabic morphemes, for a reason that will be explained later. Those that are have a unique feature that may be described as “revolutionary”. Morphemes by design are not supposed to be broken up without losing all sense […]

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Adel Bishtawi
Adel Bishtawi
March 13, 2015 - Ariba “Semitic”

SOURCES OF “SEMITIC” ORIGINS

The linguistic structure identified above is not the ideal but rather the actual structure. Had classical lexicographers of a language like Arabic been aware of the actual components of the language they treated, the number of “orphaned” entries in their works would have been a fraction of what is found in extant dictionaries. Place names, […]

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Adel Bishtawi
Adel Bishtawi
March 12, 2015 - Ariba “Semitic”

HISTORICAL CONSIDERATIONS

Statements such as “Arabic is based primarily upon its system of triconsonantal roots” are unfortunate since they are hard to understand without a clear and logical explanation for the presence of hundreds of biconsonantal roots. The claim that some biconsonantals are de-inflections from triconsonantals should be tested only if a reasonable number of examples were […]

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Adel Bishtawi
Adel Bishtawi
March 11, 2015 - Ariba “Semitic”

CHARACTERISTICS OF “SEMITIC” ROOTS

The investigation of the origin of the Arabic numerals[1] revealed their ancient history and confirmed the accumulative dynamic that transcends ages and applies to most fields of human knowledge developed, in the majority of cases, by necessity. It follows that ancient people needed to express the number “one” before they needed to express the number […]

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Adel Bishtawi
Adel Bishtawi
March 10, 2015 - Ariba “Semitic”

LINGUISTIC STRUCTURE: LN, LU, DN, NC, SE, PE, LC

The reconstruction of the relevant stock of Modern Arabic vocabulary and the comparative referencing with specific available Akkadian stock revealed an elaborate linguistic structure consisting of six main parts:1-    Monosyllabic root morphemes and bilateral roots collectively described in the Origin of “Semitic” Languages as linguistic nuclei (LN): e.g. ḫr “fall, descend, flows” 2-    Linguistic units […]

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Adel Bishtawi
Adel Bishtawi
March 9, 2015 - Ariba “Semitic”

THEMATIC LINGUISTICS: CASES AND SITUATIONS

In all applicable instances, the researcher is advised to pay special attention to determining the case or situation of linguistic units and clusters. The case or situation of certain units and clusters can be clear or even obvious. For example, the case of the cluster ✥jʻ⇆ʻj is hunger, including its causes, effects and the steps […]

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Adel Bishtawi
Adel Bishtawi
March 8, 2015 - Ariba “Semitic”

PROTO-“SEMITIC”

In modern Western literature, “Semitic” languages are not attributed to God but to an unknown origin with differing opinions on the original location at which a homogeneous language, known as Proto-“Semitic”, was supposed to have developed. There are several Proto-“Semitic” word lists, but it is not clear why they are described as Proto-“Semitic” when many […]

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