Adel Bishtawi
Adel Bishtawi

Adel Bishtawi

A (Adel) S (Said) Bishtawi was Born in Nazareth, Palestine, on the 2 October 1945. He read English Literature at Damascus University and Studied Linguistics at the Central London Polytechnic. Started his journalistic career with the Syrian News Agency (Damascus). In London he became Front Page Editor of Al Arab Newspaper, the first pan Arab Newspaper launched in Europe. In 1978 he joined Mr Jihad Al Khazen in launching Asharq Al Awsat Newspaper (London) as Business and Supplements Editor. In 1980 he was appointed Central Managing Editor of the Emirates News Agency in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. In 1988 he joined Mr Jamil Mrowa (who later relaunched the Daily Star in Beirut in 1996) in London for the re-launch of Al Hayat Newspaper and continued under the editorship of Mr. Jihad Al Khazen (and ownership of Prince Khaled Bin Sultan) as Business, Supplements and IT Editor. He remained in that post until he left in April 2001 to dedicate his time to creative writing. A Bishtawi was production assistant for a number of TV documentaries. He later produced, directed and wrote “Muslims along the Silk Road”, a 5 part-60-minutes-each documentary tracing Muslim culture, heritage and legacy of Muslim pioneers and merchants along the Silk Road. He hosted for TV and press interviews world political leaders, ministers, writers, businessmen, artists etc. including Indian Prime Minister Indira Ghandi, British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, Afghanistan President Hafizullah Amin (shortly before his execution with members of his family at the start of the Russian invasion of his country), Austrian Chancellor Bruno Kreisky, Malaysian Prime Minister Mahatir Muhammad, Pakistan President Mohammad Zial-ul-Haq, Prime Minister Mohammad Khan Junejo, Austrian Chancellor Fred Sinowatz, Sheikh Issa Bin Salman Al Khalifa the Emir of Bahrain, Sheikh Khalifa Bin Hamad Al Thani the Emir of Qatar, Saad AlAbdulla Al Sabah the Prime Minister of Kuwait and many others. As author, his early published work included 5 anthologies of short stories and a novella. More here please: http://bishtawi.com/author/

Other Posts By Adel Bishtawi

Adel Bishtawi
Adel Bishtawi
March 16, 2015 - Etymology Workshop

For whom Egypt’s Pyramids?

►UPDATED
Unlocking history’s greatest secrets – For whom Egypt’s Pyramids?
Etymology Workshop: Link or blink: Pharaohs, pyramids, Christian priests, Christian nuns, meteorite, pandemonium, terror, destruction, blood spilling etc.

LC: ✥*RH⇆ *RH; LC: ✥*Rʻ⇆ *ʻR; ✥*ḪP⇆*PḪ →✥*ḪF⇆*FḪ

The pyramid of Djoser, constructed 2630–2611 BC, is one of a few Egyptian known pyramids but no less than 118-138 structures have been identified so far.

But what is the purpose of building such huge structures?

Apparently, they were not built for tourists, according to Wikipedia but as “tombs for the country’s Pharaohs and their consorts during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods.Though they look the simplest structures to build”, we are told “the shape is thought to represent the primordial mound from which the Egyptians believed the earth was created”, or “representative of the descending rays of the sun, and most pyramids were faced with polished, highly reflective white limestone, in order to give them a brilliant appearance when viewed from a distance.”

Here’s more: “Pyramids were often named in ways that referred to solar luminescence. For example, the formal name of the Bent Pyramid at Dahshur “The Southern Shining Pyramid”, and that of Senwosret at el-Lahun was “Senwosret is Shining”.

Etymology is not convinced. Pyramids are too huge to entomb a single body. The present is far more connected with the past than we sometimes think. When you look at the largest man-made structures throughout history you’ll find  that they are/were either palaces for the kings on Earth or palaces, or ‘beit “home” for the King in Heaven.

The Word “pyramid” appears to be an alteration of the Egyptian “pimar”. The word looks to us of Yemeni origin due to the presence of ‘p’ but Egyptians even today still use the hard ‘g’ just like Yemenis, old and present implying that that where the first of the ancient Egyptians came from.

“Pimar” looks to us a compound: ‘pi’ “mouth, in, inside” and ‘mar’ “man, a male”. The meaning, simply, is “man-in”. This is typical of ancient names. Don’t look for something complex, the simpler it is the closer to the truth: “there is a man here.”

Etymology thinks there is a root for “pyramid”. If we look at the name extant it is “haram” but let’s not confuse it with “harem” because the ‘h’ in the latter is not ‘h’ but ‘Ḥ’. It has the sound of clearing one’s throat and comes deeper from the throat than ‘h’. You can hear the sound here. A beautiful Arab lady, Carol, is instructing, and start with minute 2. It is written (ح)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7c44d8Utxw4

Believe it or not ‘haram’ is from a religious linguistic cluster *HR/*RH. *RH is a root one of the most common meanings of which is “terror”. Another meaning is “to drop, to fall”. ‘*RaHba’ is “a nun”, ‘*RaHib’ is a “priest”.

From *HR ‘*HaRab’ “to flee”; ‘*HaRaj’ “pandemonium”; ‘*HaRas’ “crush, smash”; ‘*HaRaq’ “to spill a great deal of blood”, and ‘*HaRim’ (harim) “old, very old, really old, ancient”.

Readers who have been following our etymology posts know by now what is a category. It is a linguistic container like a drawer in a kitchen. One is for cutlery, so all pieces of cutlery are in one group, and so is a linguistic structure.

The difference is that those who knew the roots of longer words perished thousands of years ago and the roots remained a secret until 10 years ago.

Here is the list of words to establish the connection between all of them:
1) ‘*RH’ “terror, fall, to drop from a high position”.
2) ‘*RaHba’ “nun”, ‘*RaHib’ “priest”.
3) ‘*HaRam’ (haram) “pyramid”.
4) *HR ‘*HaRab’ “to flee”.
5) ‘*HaRaj’ “pandemonium”.
6) ‘*HaRas’ “crush, smash”.
7) ‘*HaRaq’ “to spill a great deal of blood”.
8) ‘*HaRim’ “old, very old, really old, ancient”.

By connecting the linguistic dots we have a shape or a story.
Here it is:
In prehistoric times, something fell from the sky (meteorite?). It struck Earth hard. Many people were killed, destruction was widespread and pandemonium reigned. People ran for their lives screaming. People thought somebody in the sky was angry at something terrible they did. To appease him, or her, they presented some offers.

Many years later some people became good at scaring people from the guy in the sky and became priests to continue working to appease the skies urging for offerings for the One in the sky but they were really for them because gods don’t eat meat and drink wine. Some women became nuns to serve the gods but some, at least, served the priests.

Part of the appeasement was to build huge structures fit for a God with huge powers in a huge place like the skies. This was in Egypt but then everybody followed – the Sumerians, the Greek, the Romans, the Christians and then the Muslims.

Where is God in the linguistic structure?

“Harim” but ‘haram’ is “old age” so it is exactly the same name for pyramid (haram). At one time God was referred to as the “very old” meaning He was there first. Thousands of years later people worshipped other gods and the word (haram) lost its original meaning and was used to mean “very old”, and still is.

Who worshipped Haram? Obviously the Egyptians. Like in Mespotamia, there were several gods that were good for business in the temples but ordinary people appear to have referred to one god.  The Canaanites living with Yemenis appear to have worshipped him. One of their most important ports (in Oman today) is called “Sumharam”, i.e. the Haram of the Sum. The Sum are the Sumerians and the Phoneticians. If you read some of the religious texts found in Ugarit, northern Syria, you will see Haram in some of them.

Let us end with some linguistic tremors:
Khufu’s Pyramid: Khufu = “fear” (fear him ‘u’) originally the ‘f’ was a ‘p’ as in Akkadian: ḫūpu: [Moral life → Feelings] fear. This is a Pharaoh known to his people as “the one who fears him”.

Pyramid of Khafra (IPA =*ḪP; *RA) = Khafu = “fear” (same like above but slightly re-vowelised); ‘ra’ the god Ra. This is a Pharaoh who was known to his people as “He who fears Ra”. This made sense for them for reasons of legitimacy. By claiming he’s an appointee of God earthlings have no power to remove him. If he gets angry God will share his anger and bombard unruly people with meteorites.

In the above text the word “el-Lahun” was mentioned. It looks to us from *IL (*ʼL) = El-ohim = Eli= Ilah = Allah.
El-Lahun looks like “Elohim”. Substituting ‘n’ for ‘m’ is not uncommon.

But wait a minute, don’t go:  It is said above that ‘*RaHba’ is “nun” and ‘*RaHib’ is “priest”.  The pyramid was built 4,600 and Christianity is only 2,000 years old. The linguistic cluster is much older than the pyramids so what have Christian priests and nuns to do with this  very ancient religion?

We ran out of space but we’ll leave you with this:
“A messiah (literally, “anointed one”) has come to be seen as a saviour or liberator of a group of people, most commonly in the Abrahamic religions. In the Hebrew Bible, a Hebrew: מָשִׁיחַ, Modern mashiaẖ, Tiberian māšîăḥ(“messiah”) is a king or High Priest traditionally anointed with holy anointing oil. However, anointed ones (“messiahs”) were not exclusively Jewish, as the Hebrew Bible refers to Cyrus the Great, king of Persia, as a messiah for his decree to rebuild the Jerusalem Temple.

To say “A messiah (literally, “anointed one”) is useful but this is bunkum etymology. Identifying the mono syllabic root morpheme of ‘messiah’ is etymology.

Two problems:

1) the original name is not with an ‘s’ but ‘sh’, so it is ‘masheeh’. It is in Arabic: ‘massah’ “wipe something with the hand or a cloth”. So it is to be ‘blessed’ with the hand. But whose hand?

Here’s a word from Akkadian: šamšu (š = ‘sh’): [Sky → Astronomy]  sun. In Arabic it is ‘shams’ but note this is a compound = ‘shm’ and ‘mas’, which was originally ‘mash’, a root (*MŠ). If you add the letter ḥ it become *MŠḥ vowelised to “Massiah’. This word in Arabic means Jesus.

Gif if from: http://giphy.com/gifs/curious-statue-spyrogif-97M3FTmTWnET6

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