Adel Bishtawi
Adel Bishtawi

Adel Bishtawi

A (Adel) S (Said) Bishtawi was Born in Nazareth, Palestine, on the 2 October 1945. He read English Literature at Damascus University and Studied Linguistics at the Central London Polytechnic. Started his journalistic career with the Syrian News Agency (Damascus). In London he became Front Page Editor of Al Arab Newspaper, the first pan Arab Newspaper launched in Europe. In 1978 he joined Mr Jihad Al Khazen in launching Asharq Al Awsat Newspaper (London) as Business and Supplements Editor. In 1980 he was appointed Central Managing Editor of the Emirates News Agency in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. In 1988 he joined Mr Jamil Mrowa (who later relaunched the Daily Star in Beirut in 1996) in London for the re-launch of Al Hayat Newspaper and continued under the editorship of Mr. Jihad Al Khazen (and ownership of Prince Khaled Bin Sultan) as Business, Supplements and IT Editor. He remained in that post until he left in April 2001 to dedicate his time to creative writing. A Bishtawi was production assistant for a number of TV documentaries. He later produced, directed and wrote “Muslims along the Silk Road”, a 5 part-60-minutes-each documentary tracing Muslim culture, heritage and legacy of Muslim pioneers and merchants along the Silk Road. He hosted for TV and press interviews world political leaders, ministers, writers, businessmen, artists etc. including Indian Prime Minister Indira Ghandi, British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, Afghanistan President Hafizullah Amin (shortly before his execution with members of his family at the start of the Russian invasion of his country), Austrian Chancellor Bruno Kreisky, Malaysian Prime Minister Mahatir Muhammad, Pakistan President Mohammad Zial-ul-Haq, Prime Minister Mohammad Khan Junejo, Austrian Chancellor Fred Sinowatz, Sheikh Issa Bin Salman Al Khalifa the Emir of Bahrain, Sheikh Khalifa Bin Hamad Al Thani the Emir of Qatar, Saad AlAbdulla Al Sabah the Prime Minister of Kuwait and many others. As author, his early published work included 5 anthologies of short stories and a novella. More here please:

Other Posts By Adel Bishtawi

Adel Bishtawi
Adel Bishtawi
March 16, 2015 - Etymology Workshop


Etymology Workshop: We haven’t lost our marbles, yet. The etymology team will reveal to you where “Paradise” is and they suspect you may have never heard of one of the greatest annual miracles on Earth.

Wikipedia: “Paradise (Greek: παράδεισος, parádeisos, from Hebrew gan “garden” in reference to the Garden of Eden) is a religious or metaphysical term for a place in which existence is positive, harmonious and eternal. The Abrahamic faiths associate paradise with the Garden of Eden, that is, the perfect state of the world prior to the fall from grace, and the perfect state that will be restored in the World to Come.”
No etymology here so we’ll have to seek the help of a few bilaterals from prehistoric times to unveil one of the greatest secrets in the history of religion and a few thousands earlier.
First we have to tell you something about the most spectacular linguistic invention we’ve seen. We called it “Nucleitic Compound” (NC).  It is made of two different bilaterals or mono syllabic root morphemes (the first made of two letters, the second a segment made of a pair of inseparable letters). What the creators of this amazing structure did was to join two images of two different roots to present two things:
1- The illustrative meaning of the two images of the two roots,
2- The deductive joint image and afterwards the idiomatic concept.

Carmel, the famous mountain in Palestine is a Nucleitic Compound (NC). The ‘c’ in Carmel is a migration from the hard ‘g’ (dog), which means the origin is ‘gar’ and the root *GR.  The second is *ML. The symbol for NCs is this ‘↔’ and the full NC is this: ↔*GR⇆*ML. ‘*GR’ is a category with several meanings including: “mountain, slopes of a mountain, drag, pull, roll, run” (all connected and ‘car’ and ‘carriage’ are from it). *ML originally meant “to fill something” like a jar with water. The way ancient people roasted meat was to wait for the fire to subside and bury chunks of meat in the embers. It is like they were filling the embers with the chunks of meat like you fill a jar with water.
This is the literal meanings, or the two images, of Carmel. The deductive joint image is that of slopes of a certain mountain where meat was roasted in the manner described. Of course, people can light fires anywhere on Carmel for various reasons such as celebrations, to alert other people about something, etc.
The mountain is mentioned in 1 Kings 18:16-45 but that’s not our business. We’ve given the etymology of the name. Many ancient cities were built on the slopes of mountains for safety because their backs are protected.  Three cities in Spain have ‘car’ including Carmona (Sevilla), Carratraca (Malaga) and Cartagena (Carthage -Murcia).
Nucleitic Compounds are the true encyclopaedic containers of expressions and concepts when civilization went into full swing, probably 10,000 years ago for reasons on which is a major expansion of Yemeni presence in the northern Arabian Peninsula (Ugarit appears to be one of their cities). Some of the most famous names and words are made of Nucleitic Compounds including Damascus (Dimashq), Red Sea (Qalzam), Garham (a famous tribe the ruled Mecca), proof (Barhan), Hell (Jahannam) and Paradise.
The structure of Paradise is this: ↔*PR⇆*DS. *PR is a famous category invented originally to describe the movement of birds – running before fluttering their wings and taking off.  As they fly they become distant from our ancestors watching them. So, this is the original meaning and its wider sphere including, “fly away, depart, distant, separate, divide, cut things to pieces” etc. All these words have something in common and that is the ‘distancing’ or the ‘separation’ state.
*DS has several meaning including “hidden, inserted, and tucked away in something”.
These are the two images of the NC. The deductive one is something that’s hidden or tucked away somewhere but nobody appears to know its location.
It looks to us the word was used dialectically to prove or disprove a certain arguments.  If the argument is provable or obvious it is ‘barhan’ literary and deductively “it is right here, in this very spot and can seen by everybody”. If it is not then it is ‘Paradise’ or a place hidden somewhere and nobody can prove its existence.
So the first is ‘↔*BR⇆*HN’ “here, in this place”. The second is ↔*PR⇆*DS “hidden or tucked away”.
We believe the ‘b’ in ‘ BR’ is a migration from ‘p’. The reason is that ‘p’ is not a northern Arabic letter so it is substituted with either ‘b’ or ‘f’ or both. It just happens sometimes that migrated words become confused with original words, a significant problem in Modern Arabic. However, the substitution does not influence the argument since ‘barhan’ is used by Arabs today correctly.
The ‘↔*BR⇆*HN’/↔*PR⇆*DS’ concept does not mean Paradise does not exist, but simply it is hidden somewhere and cannot be seen or found so it is rejected as a fact. However, many facts have been dismissed for hundreds of years but new technologies or discoveries have proven them right.
Paradise is of one of those. It does exist but first we would like to explain why people thought it doesn’t exist.
The region is mountainous Dhofar in southern Arabia. It is an area where frankincense is collected so it is well known. However, this is Yemeni territory.  Yemen is the oldest warring nation on Earth and probably the most ruthless. The etymology team thinks they cleared Syria of Neanderthals, the last remnants of which appear to have been slaughtered in a cave overlooking Damascus. Their power transcended the ages until they were destroyed by a joint Byzantine-Abyssinian force after they converted to Judaism and massacred Christians and burnt churches. Its demise allowed northern Arabia to rise and Islam to flourish.

By April of every year, not a single drop of water gas has fallen over the Dhofar mountains for six months, and the atrocious Shamal winds adds to the misery of people and animals living in those parts. After that the mighty Indian monsoon erupts. The warm sea water chills, holds more oxygen and more oxygen is more life in the form of microscopic life that draws fish from as far as Australia to feed.
Soon the super charged life becomes an explosion of life unknown anywhere else in the world.  All humpback whales travel to Antarctica each year for their summer feeding except the humpbacks off Oman. Travelling to the paradise of the north is not necessary because Paradise comes to them and has been every year for the past 60,000 years.
By June Paradise is in full swing. The monsoon builds into one of the biggest weather systems on Earth creating vast clouds that sweep the surface of the mountains where they are stripped of their moisture. The water flows into creeks and creeks turn to rivers and lakes rich with fish.
In September-October the water dries, plants die and the sun resumes its earth scorching.
Paradise disappears until next April.
The etymology has stopped being pissed off every time somebody describes the prehistoric Ariba as ‘Semitic’, or somebody like the contributor in Wikipedia who seriously says, “Paradise (Greek: παράδεισος, parádeisos, from Hebrew gan “garden” in reference to the Garden of Eden)”.
“Paradise” is not the same as “gan” because the roots are different. By ‘gan’ it looks the contributor is talking about a trilateral so we’ll help by pointing out it is from the root morpheme *GN. From *GN ‘GaNeen’ “foetus”.  The mum knows she has a child and tells everybody important. It grows with time and becomes obvious but cannot be seen. From *GN ‘genies’ because they are not seen. You can say “the night has ‘gn'”, meaning it is dark and you cannot see in the Dark.
The Garden of Eden doesn’t mean anything specific and could be confusing because there is a major city called ‘Eden”.  However, “The Garden of ʻDn” is something else entirely. This is a statement telling people this is the Garden of the Yemenis so bugger off. The founder of their nation is ʻD. The ‘n’ (ʻDn) is added to denote clan origin or added simply to express grandeur.
Here is Paradise for you. If you don’t have the time jump to minute 27.

Is the image below a scene from Paradise? Click here for other scenes 



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